Homogenization of Nonlinear PDE's in the Fourier–Stieltjes Algebras
Hermano Frid and Jean C. Silva
Abstract: We introduce the Fourier–Stieltjes algebra in Rn which we denote by FS(Rn). It is a subalgebra of the algebra of bounded uniformly continuous functions in Rn, BUC(Rn), strictly containing the almost periodic functions, whose elements are invariant by translations and possess a mean-value. Thus, it is a so called algebra with mean value, a concept introduced by Zhikov and Krivenko (1986). Namely, FS(Rn) is the closure in BUC(Rn), with the sup norm, of the real valued functions which may be represented by a Fourier–Stieltjes integral of a complex valued measure with finite total variation. We prove that it is an ergodic algebra and that it shares many interesting properties with the almost periodic functions. In particular, we prove its invariance under the flow of Lipschitz Fourier–Stieltjes fields. We analyse the homogenization problem for nonlinear transport equations with oscillatory velocity field in FS(Rn). We also consider the corresponding problem for porous medium type equations on bounded domains with oscillatory external source belonging to FS(Rn). We further address a similar problem for a system of two such equations coupled by a nonlinear zero order term. Motivated by the application to nonlinear transport equations, we also prove basic results on flows generated by Lipschitz vector fields in FS(Rn) which are of interest in their own.