On the structure of L∞-entropy solutions to scalar conservation laws in one-space dimension
Stefano Bianchini and Elio Marconi
We prove that if $u$ is the entropy solution
to a scalar conservation law in one space dimension,
then the entropy dissipation is a measure concentrated
on countably many Lipschitz curves.
This result is a consequence of a detailed analysis
of the structure of the characteristics.
In particular the characteristic curves are segments outside a countably 1-rectifiable set, and the left and right traces of the solution exist in a $C^0$-sense up to the degeneracy due to the segments where $f''=0$. We prove also that the initial data is taken in a suitably strong sense, and we give some counterexamples which show that these results are sharp.